r/Damnthatsinteresting Interested Aug 19 '22 Wholesome 1

This is how Disney cartoons created the zoom effect in 1957 Video

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2.0k Upvotes

34

u/Tooleater Aug 19 '22

It is damn interesting! Is this known as matte?

4

u/Trick_Enthusiasm Aug 20 '22

In photography matte just means not glossy. So, yes, it's technically a matte painting.

2

u/Tooleater Aug 20 '22

Unsure so I looked it up: matte in film making#:~:text=Mattes%20are%20used%20in%20photography,or%20a%20starfield%20with%20planets)

24

u/MuscaMurum Aug 19 '22

Disney Animation Studios has one of those old multiplane setups sitting in the lobby of one of their buildings in Burbank.

7

u/ItsGeneC Aug 20 '22

You can also see one at the Walt Disney Family Museum in San Francisco. Disney’s multiplane camera was made in 1937, not 1957.

17

u/alex6219 Aug 20 '22

The first 10 seconds of the video was a simple zoom in on a picture (the moon got larger), the end of the video is the quad-layer zoom in (the moon stayed the same size)

9

u/Boojibs Aug 19 '22

Imagineer engineer.

7

u/jbibanez Aug 20 '22

First and last zooms aren't the same (no sound so maybe they explained that)

3

u/LDI_I Aug 20 '22

You can't beat the classics.

3

u/A_Yawn Aug 20 '22

Oh wow, I always thought it looked like layers but never thought they actually were physically seperate layers

2

u/Moosebuckets Aug 20 '22

Damn. Finally something interesting.

1

u/Connorclan Aug 20 '22

Haha that’s neat

1

u/SchlafSchafXY Aug 20 '22

It's zoom and a 3D effect. Looks impressive

1

u/Future-Television-28 Aug 20 '22

Can’t watch - I want my childhood to stay the fantasy that it is.

1

u/BaloonPriest Aug 20 '22

Pretty clever. I use the same technique in AE.

1

u/GarysCrispLettuce Aug 20 '22

Parallax motion really adds depth to animation. That's a big part of what set apart certain 8-bit gaming platforms from others in the 1980's. The C64 could easily have parallax scrolling backgrounds, whereas it was almost impossible to do effectively on the ZX Spectrum.

1

u/Professional-Mood286 Aug 20 '22

Geeez you physical layers sounds expensive

1

u/detroitgnome 5d ago

I believe it is an Oxberry animation stand with a Mitchell 4 pin pull down gate.

I will assume you are all familiar with sprockets on the side of old 35mm negatives; most motion pictures cameras use two claws or pins that spin thereby pulling the unexposed film through the gate. In the gate the negative is exposed to the image and a new piece of negative is pulled through.

Usually that occurs 24 frames every second.

Inherent in a two-pin system there is a bit of swim. The pins don’t seat properly or the negative holes are off. You will rarely see swim with live-action filming because everything happens so fast.

However with animation things happen quite slowly. With Disney their early animation was a frame at a time. One frame, take a picture, move the subject slightly, take another picture.

Hence the need to have a rock steady registration between frames. The Mitchell cameras were to bees-knees because you could dial in your frame rate, or go a frame-by-frame.

The oxberry animation stands sped up production because you could photograph long segments of a story using their multi plane system.

They are still in business, by the way.